Thursday 9 October 2014

Parapluie in Ancient China

In all composed records, the most seasoned reference to a foldable umbrella dates to the year 21 AD, Wang Mang had one for imposing four-wheeled carry.The 2nd century reporter Fu Qian pondered that this foldable umbrella of Wang Mang's carriage had bendable joints which empowered them to be expanded or retracted.A 1st century bendable umbrella has since been recuperated from the tomb of Wang Guang at Lelang Commandery in the Korean Peninsula, outlined in a work by Harada and Komai. however, the Chinese foldable umbrella is maybe an idea that is yet hundreds of years more established than Wang's tomb. Zhou Dynasty bronze assign of composite bronze socketed pivots with locking slides and jolts which could have been utilized for parasols and umbrellas—were found in an archeological site of Luoyang.

A considerably more seasoned source on the umbrella is maybe the antiquated book of Chinese functions, called Zhou Li (The Rites of Zhou), dating 2400 years prior, which steers that upon the supreme autos the dais ought to be set. The picture of this dais contained in Zhou-Li, and the depiction of it given in the informative analysis of Lin-hello there ye, both distinguish it with an umbrella. The recent depicts the dais to be made out of 28 bends, which are comparable to the ribs of the present day instrument, and the staff supporting the covering to comprise of two portion, the top being a pole 3/18 of a Chinese foot in perimeter, and the bring down a tube 6/10 in boundary, into which the upper half is fit for sliding and shutting.

The Chinese character for umbrella is 傘 (sǎn) and is a pictograph looking like the advanced umbrella in outline. A few agents to its improvement was initially made by binds expansive leaves to limb like ribs.The thought was likely determined from the tent, which stays in structure unaltered to the present day.The custom present in China is that it began in models and pennants waving circulating everywhere, henceforth the utilization of the umbrella was regularly connected to high-positioning (however not so much eminence in China). On one event no less than, twenty-four umbrellas were conveyed before the Emperor when he went out following. For this situation the umbrella was a protection against downpour instead of sun. The Chinese configuration was later brought to Japan by means of Korea furthermore acquainted with Persia and the Western world through the Silk Road. The Chinese and Japanese habitual parasol, regularly utilized close sanctuaries, right up 'til today stays like the first antiquated Chinese plan.

A late Song Dynasty Chinese art book that was printed in around 1270 AD offers a picture of a collapsible umbrella that is precisely like the cutting edge umbrella of today's.

Monday 4 March 2013


In the sculptures at Nineveh the parasol appears frequently. Austen Henry Layard gives a picture of a bas-relief representing a king in his chariot, with an attendant holding a parasol over his head. It has a curtain hanging down behind, but is otherwise exactly like those in use today. It is reserved exclusively for the monarch, and is never carried over any other person. In Persia the parasol is repeatedly found in the carved work of Persepolis, and Sir John Malcolm has an article on the subject in his 1815 "History of Persia."

In some sculptures, the figure of a king appears attended by a servant, who carries over his head an umbrella, with stretchers and runner complete. In other sculptures on the rock at Taghe-Bostan, supposed to be not less than twelve centuries old, a deer-hunt is represented, at which a king looks on, seated on a horse, and having an umbrella borne over his head by an attendant.

Friday 13 July 2012


The device varies in size and shape, but its design is fundamentally the same: stick (or pole ) supports central articulated rods (the whales ) through a sliding ring (or flowing ). When the ring is in the down position, the whales are completely flattened along the mast, when the ring is raised, the whales are deployed and blood behind the canvas in a circle around the pole.

The number of whales ranges from four (square umbrellas for use on outdoor markets) to eight or ten in general for umbrellas. They are distributed at regular intervals on the periphery of the mast.

Of umbrellas and parasols, the central rod has a handle at its lower end for better grip.

use umbrellas is rather stationary, the lower end of their mast is generally designed to s fitting it to a support or to be planted in the ground, so that a stroke of wind can not win.

Monday 19 September 2011


An umbrella or parasol (also called a brolly, rainshade, sunshade, gamp or bumbershoot) is a canopy designed to protect against rain or sunlight. The term parasol usually refers to an item designed to protect from the sun; umbrella refers to a device more suited to protect from rain. Often the difference is the material; some parasols are not waterproof. Parasols are often meant to be fixed to one point and often used with patio tables or other outdoor furniture. Umbrellas are almost exclusively hand-held portable devices; however, parasols can also be hand-held.

The word umbrella comes from the Latin word umbra, meaning shade or shadow (the Latin word, in turn, derives from the Ancient Greek ómbros [όμβρος].) Brolly is a slang word for umbrella, used often in Britain, New Zealand, Australia, South Africa, and Kenya. Bumbershoot is a fanciful Americanism from the late 19th century.